Update: as explained here, the IRS now says it will be able to pay refunds during the shutdown.
The 2019 tax season was already bound to be challenging. We can expect plenty of confusion in the first filing season under a law that made sweeping changes affecting taxpayers in all categories. Add to that a complete redesign of Form 1040, taking a modular, block-building approach and eliminating the 1040-EZ and 1040-A versions. The IRS is still scrambling to get its form instructions and information publications in final form, and has yet to announce a date for the start of the filing season.
Now the IRS faces these challenges under the handicap of a partial government shutdown. Essential functions at the agency continue, including — when they’re ready — accepting tax returns and payments. According to the Wall Street Journal, however, the IRS generally doesn’t pay refunds during a shutdown.
Any substantial delay in paying refunds would produce hardship for millions of Americans who depend on receiving a substantial check as early as possible in the year. Tax refunds, which total hundreds of billions of dollars, also boost retail sales and the general economy. A shutdown that delays those refunds would have consequences for all of us.